Bunions are an enlargement of the great toe joint on the feet that is generally associated with the deviation in the angle of the big toe. They are very common. It may or may not be painful and it never looks good and frequently poses an issue for the fitting of shoes. They do usually tend to be hereditary and can be caused by using shoes that are too tight. Bunions are more prevalent in females which could be because of the choice of footwear. They can be painful within the joint because of arthritis like symptoms and they also can be painful from pressure from the shoe on the bunion.
Might exercises improve bunions? They may be able to, but they are not likely to make the bony enlargement go away and they may help improve the angle of the big toe or hallux a little. The only way to make the bunion go away is with surgery. No level of exercising is will make that go away. The amount of force producing the bunion and causing the big toe or hallux to deviate way surpasses what any exercise is likely to change. On the other hand, with that said, the exercises which you generally see suggested are still probably worth carrying out as they should help keep the joint mobile and flexible which is a beneficial thing. That improvement in the range of motion of the joint should go a long way to helping pain that often develops within the joint. The type of bunion exercises which can be most useful are the ones that stretch and move the joints through its full range of movement in all directions. Often exercises for helping strengthen the arch muscles of the foot can also be helpful. Even if surgical treatment is used, the exercises before and after the surgery will assist with the rehabilitation.